nanoTalks: Nobel Prizes
Talk 1: Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018
Presented by Prof. Donald Hilvert, ETH Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Arnold, Smith, and Winter for their discoveries in enzyme evolution and phage display (a method for presenting libraries of peptides and proteins on the virus surface for purposes of selection). In this talk, we will try to understand how the Nobel Laureates have used methods of evolution to specifically develop enzymes and antibodies. The results now allow us to manufacture useful products like biofuels and pharmaceuticals. Moreover, specialized antibodies evolved to fight autoimmune diseases and can, in some cases, cure metastatic cancer.
Talk 2: Nobel Prize in Medicine & Physiology 2018
Presented by Abdullah Kahraman, Head of Clinical Bioinformatics in Molecular Tumor Profiling at the University Hospital Zurich
This year's Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology was awarded to James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo for their revolutionary work to reactivate immune cells in the fight against cancer. In this talk we will have a brief introduction to immunology, highlighting Allison and Honjo's work on immune checkpoint inhibitors, and gaining insights into how immunotherapy is being used as a new strategy for the treatment of advanced cancer patients at the University Hospital of Zurich.